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    Weekly Bits 04-07-16
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    1) Exercise 'JALRAHAT' recently commenced in which state? Ans : (2)
    1. Odisha
    2. Assom
    3. Bihar
    4. Madhya Pradesh
    5. Maharashtra

    Explanation: It is a joint initiative of the state government and the armed forces that is being led by GAJRAJ Corps with full support from HQ Eastern Command. The exercise ended on June 30. The name 'Jalrahat' is a clubbed name of the relief works that will be carried by all three branches of the Indian Armed Forces, namely the Army, Navy and Air Force. Indian Navy will be carrying out Exercise Prakampana based on relief and assistance in case of a super cyclone at Vizag, Andhra Pradesh in August 2016. Indian Air Force will be undertaking Exercise Sahayta based on relief and assistance in case of a major earthquake at Bhuj, Gujarat.

    2) Which country launched its second Shijian-16 series satellite recently? Ans : (3)
    1. Japan
    2. Australia
    3. China
    4. North Korea
    5. South Korea

    Explanation: It was carried by a Long March-4B rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China. This satellite is intended for space environment measurements, radiation and its effects as well as technology testing. First introduced in May 1999, Long March-4B rockets are used to launch sun-synchronous orbit meteorological satellites. The first Shijian-16 satellite was launched in October 2013.

    3) Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has started how many long-term monitoring plots in the Himalayan region to document the impact of climate change on animals.? Ans : (1)
    1. 1
    2. 2
    3. 3
    4. 4
    5. 5

    Explanation: The project will be funded by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. Species like fish, butterflies, bees and other insects will be monitored for the changes in their distribution due to climatic changes. The current monitoring will be compared to the old data of ZSI in terms of climate change on the survival of the species. The project will run for three years in states like West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.

    4) A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed between Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and Royal Civil Service Commission (RCSC). RCSC belongs to which country? (4)
    1. Myanmar
    2. Nepal
    3. Canada
    4. Bhutan
    5. Australia

    Explanation: The MoU aims to strengthen the existing relationship between UPSC and RCSC. It will facilitate sharing of experience and expertise of both the parties in the area of recruitment. As per the MoU draft, Sharing of experience and expertise in Civil Service matters, Sharing of expertise on use of Information Technology (IT) and Digitization of records, storage and display of historical records will be done.

    5) …………….June is marked and celebrated as National Statistics Day across India to create awareness about the importance of statistics in daily life and in the process of planning and development.? Ans : (2)
    1. 28th
    2. 29th
    3. 27th
    4. 26th
    5. 25th

    Explanation:The theme this year is 'Agriculture and Farmer's Welfare'. The day is celebrated annually on the occasion of birth anniversary of India's eminent statistician Late Prof Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis. He founded the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) and was the first Indian statistician to receive global recognition.

    6) India maintains which position in ICC ODI team rankings, as per released ICC ODI team rankings,? Ans : (3)
    1. 1st
    2. 2nd
    3. 3rd
    4. 4th
    5. 5th

    Explanation: With 123 points, team Australia is at the top position followed by New Zealand. India has 110 points in total. South African batsman AB De Villiers has yet again topped the list of ODI batsmen. In this list, India's Virat Kohli is placed second, while Rohit Sharma and Shikhar Dhawan occupy the sixth and eighth positions respectively. No Indian features in the top 10 of the ICC Player Rankings for ODI bowlers which has been topped by West Indian Sunil Narine, followed by New Zealand's Trent Boult and Bangladesh's Shakib Al Hasan. The latter ranks first in the ICC Player Rankings for ODI all-rounders.

    7) Indian shooter has bagged the silver medal in the men's 50 metre rifle 3 position event of the ISSF World Cup in Baku. Name him? Ans : (3)
    1. Sanjay Guptha
    2. Sandeep shukla
    3. Sanjeev rajput
    4. Santosh guptha
    5. None

    Explanation: :- :- Rajput shot 456.9 points in this tournament. Croatia's Petar Gorsa won the gold medal with 457.5, while Hyeonjun Kim of Korea bagged the bronze after he shot 445.5.

    8) How many members of the UN General Assembly elected Sweden, Bolivia, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan to serve on the UN Security Council (UNSC).? Ans : (1)
    1. 193
    2. 198
    3. 200
    4. 203
    5. 204

    Explanation: This selection has been made for a period of two years starting 1st January, 2017. The newly-elected countries will replace Spain, Malaysia, New Zealand, Angola and Venezuela. As the voting between Italy and Netherlands yielded no clear winner, both the countries will share the two-year term, each for a one-year period. Bolivia and Ethiopia were chosen by their regional groups and had no competitors. Kazakhstan won the seat reserved for Asia Pacific against Thailand, while Italy, the Netherlands and Sweden had competed for two seats for Western Europe.

    9) The World Bank Board has approved of the $63 million Tejaswini Projectsof which state in India? Ans : (3)
    1. Chhattisgarh
    2. Punjab
    3. Jharkhand
    4. Madhya Pradesh
    5. Maharashtra

    Explanation: The World Bank Board has approved of the $63 million Tejaswini Projects, the first World Bank project for the development and support of women and adolescent girls. Tejaswini: Socioeconomic Empowerment of Adolescent Girls & Young Women Project in Jharkhand will support adolescent girls and young women, aged between 14-24, to complete their secondary-level education and acquire relevant skills for the job market. The project will focus on socio-economic empowerment of adolescent girls and young women in 17 select districts of Jharkhand. It is expected to benefit about 680,000 adolescent girls and young women. In the 17 project districts, there are about 2.1 million adolescent girls and young women in the 14-24 age group, of which 13 percent belong to Scheduled Castes and 25 percent to Scheduled Tribes.

    10) Indigenously developed heavyweight torpedo Varunastra was inducted in the Indian Navy on which day? Ans : (3)
    1. 28th june
    2. 27th june
    3. 29th june
    4. 30th june
    5. 1st july

    Explanation: Developed by Naval Science and Technological Laboratory of the DRDO for the Indian Navy, it weighs 1.25 tonnes. It carries the torpedo carries about 250 kg of explosives at a speed of around 40 nautical miles an hour. Torpedo is a self propelled weapon, with an explosive head that can be launched above or below water surface directed towards a target. Earlier, Torpedo Varunastra was showcased for the first time on the 2016 Republic Day Parade at Rajpath.

    11) N.S. Vishwanathan as deputy governor of the ………..? Ans : (3)
    1. SBI
    2. ONGC
    3. RBI
    4. GAIL
    5. None

    Explanation: :- Vishwanathan will replace H.R. Khan, who will retire on 3rd July. Viswanathan has been serving as executive director in RBI since 2014. The RBI has four deputy governors; of which two are externally appointed. The other two are typically promoted from within the central bank. Urjit Patel, S.S. Mundra and R. Gandhi are the other three deputy governors at present

    12) In a first, Majuli, a 400 sq.km island of which river in Assam has been granted district status? Ans : (2)
    1. Narmada
    2. Brahmaputra
    3. Kaveri
    4. Saraswathi
    5. Godavari

    Explanation: Its area has shrunk from about 1250 sq kms in 1891 to about 515 sq kms in recent times due to massive river-bank erosion caused by the Brahmaputra. d) It has been vying for a spot in the list of World Heritage Sites of UNESCO. With 22 satras (Vaishnavite monasteries) - and home to the colourful Mising tribes, Majuli has emerged as a major tourist destination despite seasonal floods and erosion.

    13) Out of 130 countries, India has been ranked ……… on the World Economic Forum's Human Capital Index.? Ans : (2)
    1. 100th
    2. 105th
    3. 110th
    4. 120th
    5. 125th

    Explanation: It measures countries' ability to nurture, develop and deploy talent for economic growth. As per the Index, India has optimised only 57% of its human capital endowment. Though the country's educational attainment has clearly improved across age groups, its youth literacy rate is still only 90% (103rd in the world). Finland topped the Index while India's neighbouring countries China and Bangladesh stood 71st and 104th respectively.

    14) The Defence Ministry recently approved the purchase of 145 Ultra-Light Howitzers, worth about $750 million, from which country? Ans : (3)
    1. Canada
    2. USSR
    3. USA
    4. UK
    5. UAE

    Explanation: It also approved bulk production of 18 Dhanush artillery guns, the first acquisition of such weapon systems by the Army in three decades. Acceptance of Necessity (AON) was also issued to the proposal of building six next-generation missile vessels under 'Buy Indian' category for Rs 13,600 crore. The navy will be allowed to issue tenders for the same. While 25 guns will come to India in a fly away condition, the rest will be assembled at the proposed assembly Integration and test facility for the weapon system in India in partnership with Mahindra.

    15) PM Narendra Modi recently released a book titled "The Birds of Banni Grassland" which is a compilation of research work based on 250 species of birds found in Banni area of Kutch. Kutch is in which state? Ans : (2)
    1. Bihar
    2. Gujarath
    3. Rajasthan
    4. Odisha
    5. Assom

    Explanation: The book was presented to the PM by scientists of the Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology (GUIDE). Located in Bhuj, this institute has been studying the plant, bird and marine life in the Rann of Kutch for more than 15 years.

    16) An Indian social entrepreneur has been named among the 10 '2016 Global Compact SDG Pioneers', an initiative launched by the UN to search for "entrepreneurs" who can play a vital role.Name him/her? Ans : (2)
    1. Nasreen begum
    2. Zubeida bai
    3. Zareena khan
    4. Zannath begum
    5. None

    Explanation:Zubaida is the founder of 'ayzh', a for-profit social venture providing health and livelihood solutions to impoverished women worldwide. UN Global Compact is the world's largest corporate sustainability initiative that supports companies to do business responsibly by aligning their strategies and operations with ten principles of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption; and to take strategic actions to advance broader societal goals. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon announced the 10 pioneers at the Global Compact Leaders Summit.

    17) Cabinet has approved the implementation of which pay commission for its over 1 crore employees recommending an overall hike of 23.5%? Ans : (5)
    1. 2
    2. 4
    3. 6
    4. 8
    5. 7

    Explanation: The new scales of pay provide for entry-level basic pay going up from Rs. 7,000 per month to Rs 18,000, while at the highest level i.e. Secretary, it would shoot up from Rs 90,000 to Rs 2.5 lakh. For Class 1 officers, the starting salary will be Rs 56,100. The 7th Pay Commission examined a total of 196 existing Allowances and, by way of rationalisation, recommended abolition of 51 Allowances and subsuming of 37 Allowances. The recommendations cover 47 lakh central government employees and 53 lakh pensioners. This include 14 lakh serving employees and 18 lakh pensioners in defence forces.

    18) 18) Ministry of Tourism has recently released a data on domestic and foreign tourists visit to states and Union territories for the year………….? Ans : (1)
    1. 2015
    2. 2016
    3. 2014
    4. 2013
    5. 2012

    Explanation: There were 1,432 million domestic tourists visits to the states and UTs. Tamil Nadu has topped in terms of state of highest domestic visits. Tamil Nadu had 333.5 million domestic visits. Uttar Pradesh is at the 2nd position and Andhra Pradesh stands at 3rd. In 2015, the number of foreign tourists visits have risen by 4.4% compared to the visits in 2014. The State that topped the list of the top ten States in terms of number of FTVs during 2015 is Tamil Nadu with 4.68 million visits. Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh secured second and third place with 4.41 million visits and 3.1 million visits respectively.

    19) India jumped how many places on World Bank Logistics Performance Index? Ans : (2)
    1. 20
    2. 19
    3. 18
    4. 17
    5. 16

    Explanation: The recently released, World Bank's global logistics performance ranking placed India 19 above that the country's previous performance. India is at the 35th position against the 54th spot it occupied in the previous 2014 report. This is due to the improvement in movement of goods inside the country thus facilitating better trade. Other countries in top 10 are Belgium, Austria, United Kingdom, Hong Kong and the United States. Japan is ranked 11. Syria is ranked lowest. The report ranks countries on a number of dimensions of supply chain performance, including infrastructure, quality of service, shipment reliability, and border clearance efficiency.

    20) A web based app CERS was recently launched by The Union Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare Minister,. Name the minister? Ans : (3)
    1. Rakesh gaurav
    2. Rukmini sing
    3. Radha mohan singh
    4. Mohan patnaik
    5. None

    Explanation: CERS stands for Crop Manager Rice based Systems. This app is for better crop and Nutrient management released for Bihar farmers in a program organised at ICAR-RCER in Patna. The app will become part of Digital India programme and it will be linked with Soil Health scheme for bringing access to new technologies to rural India. CMRS provides irrigated and rainfed farmers with rice-based cropping systems in Bihar with a crop and nutrient management guideline customized to the needs of an individual farmer.

    21) Which occasion of state bank day was celebrated on 1st july Ans : (3)
    1. 59th
    2. 60th
    3. 61st
    4. 62nd
    5. 63rd

    Explanation: :- State Bank of India has launched 3 new digital offerings. With Flipkart, SBI has launched the pre-approved EMI facility on purchase. SBI will provide overdraft facility to pre-qualified set of customers for transacting on Flipkart for a minimum purchase of Rs. 5000. SBI has also launched its social media banking platform called 'SBI Mingle' for Facebook and Twitter users. Using SBI Mingle, customers can check balance and request for mini statements on their facebook and twitter accounts. State run State Bank of India has recently launched a digital village with an aim to transform the village into the cashless economy system. The scheme will work towards transforming villages into safe, healthy and vibrant digital centres.

    22) Which state government has recently decided to ban the e-cigarettes in state? Ans : (3)
    1. Karnataka
    2. Maharsahtra
    3. Kerala
    4. Odisha
    5. Assom

    The decision came in view of studies claiming that its use can cause various health issues, including cancer and heart ailments. An expert committee appointed by the Centre to study the ill effects of e-cigarette had recommended banning the device in the country in 2014 itself. Indian Medical Association has also found out the same results. The state's health department have also found out that the device is used for smoking ganja, hashish and other narcotic substances.

    23) Which state government has decided to develop a new industrial township at a cost of $5 billion. This township will be over over 1,500 acres in Sohna and Manesar in the Gurgaon district.? Ans : (4)
    1. Punjab
    2. Assom
    3. Odisha
    4. Haryana
    5. Delhi

    Explanation: For this purpose, Haryana government has already signed a MoU with China Fortune Land Development (CFLD). A joint venture of Haryana Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC) and CFLD will develop infrastructural facilities, industrial units and residential and commercial projects in the township. These projects would be completed within the next 10 years and would generate employment opportunities for lakhs of youth, besides making available state-of-the-art health and education facilities

    24) Rodrigo Duterte has sworn in as the new President of which country? Ans : (1)
    1. Phillippines
    2. Spain
    3. Canada
    4. USA
    5. UK

    Explanation: Supreme Court Associate Justice Bienvenido Reyes administered Duterte's oath of office at the Rizal Ceremonial Hall in Malacanang, the presidential palace. The former 71-year-old Davao city Mayor won the Philippine presidential election held on May 9 with 16,601,997 votes, a lead of almost 7 million over second-in-place Manuel Roxas. The new vice-president, Leni Robredo, was sworn in at a separate ceremony in Quezon City. Both of them will serve a term of six years.

    25) Union Cabinet has approved the signing of memorandum of understanding (MoU) between India and which country for bilateral co-operation in water resources management and development.? Ans : (2)
    1. Zambia
    2. Tanzania
    3. Cuba
    4. Chile
    5. Cambodia

    Explanation: :- The areas of cooperation will include techniques in water harvesting, surface and groundwater management and development and aquifer recharge. The collaboration and sharing of expertise will mutually benefit both the countries. The Government will encourage the exchange of experts, organisation of training programmes, study tours and other such activities including demonstrative pilot studies, in order to build capacities in the areas mentioned above.