Enquiry
*Please enter your details in the Enquiry form



  Name :

  Mobile :

  Email :

   :


  • Age Calculator

    Your Date of Birth
     
    Age as on
     
    Your Age




    Weekly Bits 07-7-14
    (click on plus symbol to view explanation)


    1) Who won 2014 Women's wimbledon title? Ans : (1)
    1. Petra Kvitova 2. Cara Black 3. Eugenie Bouchard 4. Andrea Jaeger 5. Maria Sharapova

    Explanation:Czech tennis star Petra Kvitova clinched her second Wimbledon title as she defeated Canada’s Eugenie Bouchard in a very short match.
    Kvitova, who first won Wimbledon in 2011, took just 55 minutes to bag a second Grand Slam title held at the Centre Court, London. The 24-year-old Czech needed only 55 minutes to win 6-3 6-0, making it the shortest women’s final at Wimbledon since Navratilova beat Andrea Jaeger by the same scoreline in 54 minutes in 1983.

     
    2) What is the full form of PwC? Ans: (1)
    1. Pricewaterhouse Coopers 2. Product weight Cost 3. Price weight Cost 4. Product whole cost 5. None

    Explanation: As per the latest estimates by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), India will become the third largest economy in the world by 2030. According to the London-based accountancy giant, the rapid rise of the Indian economy with its young workforce would thrust it up from being the 10th largest economy in 2013 to the 3rdlargest by 2030, pushing the UK back into 6th place.
    By 2030, as per PwC, the world’s second largest economy- China is expected to reduce the gap with the US. Mexico is forecasted to be the 10th largest economy above Canada and Italy, both G7 nations. A few years back there were predictions that Britain would rapidly become a second-class economic power and would need to defer to the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) countries in the near future.

     
    3) Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 25 km-long Katra-Udhampur railway line in which state? Ans:(2)
    1. Himachal Pradesh 2. Jammu 3. Arunachal Pradesh 4. Punjab 5. Haryana

    Explanation: Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 25 km-long Katra-Udhampur railway line in Jammu. The rail link will connect the base camp town of Katra directly with the rest of the country and facilitate millions of devotees who visit the Vaishno Devi shrine every year.
    On the other hand, with China is now preparing to spread out its railway into PoK (Pakistan occupied Kashmir), and occasional clashes along Indo-China border, Modi desires that the Ministries of Railways, Finance, Home and Defence to work together closely and get the strategic Indian Rail projects off ground as soon as possible. In the interest of country’s security, the National Security Adviser (NSA) Ajit Kumar Doval is pushing for building infrastructure and increasing connectivity with the far flung regions of the country, especially in the North East.
    Chinese mainland-Lhasa railways had by now stretched to the Indian borders with grave tactical and military consequences. Expanding the infrasrtucture of Indian Railways to the Arunachal Pradesh border will augment nations’s combat competence and prove decisive in transporting hardware for military offensive.

     
    4) Section 498-A was introduced in the Indian Penal Code in which year? Ans: (3)
    1. 1980 2. 1981 3. 1983 4. 1984 5. 1985

    Explanation: Section 498-A was introduced in the Indian Penal Code in 1983. It provides for maximum imprisonment of 3 years and fine while the maximum sentence under the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 is 2 years with a fine. The Supreme Court has ruled that the police can no longer “automatically” arrest the accused under the anti-dowry law without sufficient reason and proof. The apex court expressed concern over the misuse of Section 498A of IPC by unhappy wives against in-laws and husbands. The court asked state governments to ensure that the police don’t follow the prevalent practice of arrest first and then proceed. The police would have to furnish reasons and proof to magistrate before making an arrest.
    The court observed that Sec 498-A was introduced to curb harassment of women at the hands of husbands and his family. However, since it a cognizable and non-bailable offence, it is frequently used as a weapon rather than shield by disgruntled wives. The court quoting crime statistics, said nearly a quarter of those arrested under Sec 498A in 2012 were women, most of them mothers and sisters of the husbands.
    The court observed that the unreasonable arrest limits freedom, brings disgrace and casts scars on the individual arrested. It, therefore, directed police to make no arrest just because the offence is non-bailable and cognisable. It also directed the Magistrates to put on record that the reasons given by the police justified arrest. If these directions are not adhered to, it would invite departmental action and amount to contempt of court.

     
    5) The first trial run of the India’s fastest train on the New Delhi-to which place route was performed successfully by the Indian Railways in July 2014 Ans:(3)
    1. Varanasi 2. Pune 3. Agra 4. Shiridi 5. Bandra

    Explanation: The train covered a distance of 200 kms in 100 minutes against the slated time of 90 minutes. Although the average speed of the train during the entire journey was 125-130 km/h, its speed reached a maximum speed of 160 kmph.
    Currently, the Bhopal Shatabdi Express is India’s fastest train with a highest speed of 150 km/h. The recent exercise was just a trial and further maintenance and budget will be announced in the forthcoming Railway Budget. The New Delhi-Agra train will cut down travel time between the two cities from current 120 minutes to 90 minutes and will facilitate tourists from Delhi planning to visit the Taj Mahal. Launching similar trains from Delhi to Kanpur, and Delhi to Chandigarh as Shatabdi trains is also under consideration.

     
    6) As per an announcement made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Government of India plans to introduce how many new vaccines as part of India’sUniversal Immunization Programme (UIP)? Ans:(1)
    1. 4 2. 3 3. 5 4. 5 5. 1

    Explanation: The vaccines will be against Rotavirus, Rubella and Polio (injectable) which will speed up India’s progress on meeting the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) four targets to bring down child mortality by 2/3rd by the year 2015 and meet global polio eradication targets.
    Besides this, an adult vaccine against Japanese encephalitis will be introduced in districts with high prevalence of the disease. The step will prevent at least one lakh infant deaths, deaths of adults in working age group and up to 10 lakhs hospitalizations each year. With the addition of new vaccines, India’s UIP will now provide free vaccines against 13 fatal diseases to 27 million children annually, the largest birth cohort in the world.
    Rotavirus causes diarrhea which kills 80 thousand children each year, results in up to 10 lakh hospitalizations, pushing many Indian families below the poverty line. It also inflicts an economic load of over Rs 300 crore each year to the country. The rotavirus vaccine which India will introduce in a phased manner is first indigenously developed rotavirus vaccine, developed under a public-private partnership by the Ministry of Science and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. India’s UIP will also introduce a vaccine against Rubella which causes severe congenital defects in newborns, like blindness, deafness and heart defects. As per estimates nearly 2 lakh babies are born with congenital defects each year in the country.
    An adult vaccine against Japanese Encephalitis (JE) in 179 endemic districts in 9 states will also be introduced under UIP.
    India is committed to the global goal of a polio free world. To meet this goal, India has planned to introduce Injectable Polio Vaccine (IPV) in sync with 125 countries. In March 2013, India was certified polio free. The introduction IPV in addition to the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) will provide enduring protection to the population against polio virus.

     
    7) As per the notification of Environment Ministry, Maharashtra’s Bor Wildlife Sanctuary will become the country’s ………….. Tiger Reserve? Ans:(2)
    1. 46th 2. 47th 3. 48th 4. 49th 5. 50th

    Explanation: Maharashtra’s Bor Wildlife Sanctuary will become the country’s 47th Tiger Reserve with an aim to bolster the conservation efforts of the national animal.
    Notified by the State in 1970, the Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, is rich in biodiversity with a great variety of flora and fauna, including tiger, co-predators, prey animals and birds.
    The habitat is picturesque and is on the periphery of Nagpur and Wardha districts, amidst the Satpura-Maikal landscape, forming catchment of the River Bor. The sanctuary is also an important corridor between Tadoba-Andhari and Pench Tiger Reserves of the State. Bor is the 6th tiger reserve of Maharashtra.

     
    8) Pakistan’s National Assembly passed which Bill among the following 2014.? Ans:(2)
    1. SPB 2. PPB 3. NPB 4. FPB 5. None

    Explanation: The PPB which permits security forces to shoot suspects on sight with the permission of a grade-15 official, will now be valid for a period of 2 years. The bill seeks to “provide for protection against waging of war against Pakistan and the prevention of acts threatening the security of Pakistan”. It will provide the law enforcement officials with extra powers.
    The approval of the bill is a significant move in light of the military operation inNorth Waziristan, codenamed ‘Zarb-e-Azb’.
    As compared to the previous PPB which stipulated that the law would be enforced in the event of ‘waging of war against Pakistan’, its amended form says, ‘waging of war or insurrection against Pakistan’. Besides, the term ‘enemy alien’describes a person whose identity as a Pakistan national is unascertainable. The law limits the use of force to officers of Grade-15 or above and an internal investigation by the head of the relevant law enforcement agency will be conducted in case of death through the use of force. If it is needed, all such cases will be subject to a judicial inquiry.
    The remand period for an accused has been fixed at 60 days and, on reasonable basis, the government has the power to confine a detainee for 90 days at a designated internment camp.
    The Joint Investigation Team will have the power to keep back a detainee’s information except from a High Court or Supreme Court. The government may not reveal a detainee’s details for security reasons. Besides, on reasonable grounds, the burden of proof lies upon an ‘enemy alien’ or militant.
    The list of offences includes cyber crimes and crimes related to information technology, as well as the trespassing national boundaries illegally. Punishments under these crimes can be extended to 20 years. The PPB provides for setting up special courts consultation with the chief justices of the High Courts and decisions by the special courts can contested in the High Courts.

     
    9) Which animal has been declared as the state animal of Rajasthan? Ans:(3)
    1. Tiger 2. Lion 3. Camel 4. Rhino 5. Hippo

    Explanation: Camel has been declared as the state animal of Rajasthan. The State government is also in the process of drafting a new legislation to prevent slaughter, illegal trade and transportation. It has announced that it will introduce camel milk in its food security programme. Camels are source of livelihood to a huge number of people in rural Rajasthan. The decision was taken by Vasundhara Raje, CM of Rajasthan, on the last day of the ‘Sarkar Aapke Dwar’ campaign.
    However, the ‘Ship of the desert’ as it is famously known, is slaughtered for its meat, killed as part of sacrifice in several regions of Rajasthan and it is also illegally transported to the neighboring states for slaughter which has resulted in sharp decline in its numbers. Adding to this problem is fast disappearing grazing areas which has created a severe food crisis for these animals.
    As per the Livestock Census data, there were 668,000 camels in 1997 which declined to 498,000 camels in 2003 which shows a 25% decrease in five years. The population had reduced further by 13.5% to 430426 in year 2008.
    The exception was only Jaisalmer as it was the only district during the period 2003-2008 where camel numbers increased.

     
    10) In the honor of whom among the following, a distinguished Indian-American scientist whose ground-breaking biological research expedition has provided vital data about animal populations.? Ans:(1)
    1. Akhouri Sinha 2. Alok Sehgal 3. Alok Nandan 4. Amruth Parthiv 5. None

    Explanation: the United States has named a mountain in Antarctica after him as Mt Sinha.
    An adjunct professor in the Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development at the University of Minnesota, Sinha was recognized by the US Geological Survey, which named the mountain Mt Sinha, for his critical contribution as an explorer in 1971-72. Sinha was a member of a team that catalogued population research of seals, whales and birds in the ice-packed Bellingshausen and Amundsen Seas and in Glaciers in 1972 and 1974.
    Mt Sinha, a mountain (990 m) at the southeast end of Erickson Bluffs in the southern part of McDonald Heights, overlooks lower Kirkpatrick Glacier from the north in Marie Byrd Land.

     
    11) In a dramatic shift in policy, which country changed its stance of its post-war pacifism by revoking a ban that has kept the military from fighting abroad since 1945? Ans:(4)
    1. China 2. Nigeria 3. Iran 4. Japan 5. South Korea

    Explanation: Although the move signifies victory countries for Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, it has bothered China and many Japanese citizens. The policy change will extend Japan’s military options by ending the ban on exercising “collective self-defense“, or aiding an ally nation under attack.
    Japan adopted a resolution describing the change, which also eases limits on activities in U.N.-led peace-keeping operations and “grey zone” incidents short of full-scale war. Japan’s military, which has long been constrained by the post-war constitution, will now become more aligned with the militaries of other advanced countries in terms of its options.
    In World War II, the US defeated Japan and then became its close friend with a security cooperation agreement. The US has welcomed the Japanese decision and said it would strengthen the U.S.-Japan alliance. The US has long exhorted Japan to become a more equal alliance partner. Tokyo’s step has also been well received by Southeast Asia nations that like Japan have territorial disputes with an increasingly assertive China. Tokyo’s new policy has riled China, whose relationships with Japan have strained due to a maritime dispute, mistrust and the legacy of past Japanese military aggression.
    South Korea, also a US ally, but still distressed about Japan’s 20th century colonization of the Korea, said it would not accept any policy shift affecting its security unless it gave its agreement.

     
    12) Which country ratified the Marrakesh Treaty, and became the first country in the world to have done so? Ans:(2)
    1. Nepal 2. India 3. Bhutan 4. Japan 5. China

    Explanation: The treaty seeks to facilitate access to published works for persons who are visually impaired, or otherwise print disabled. The Treaty was adopted by 79 member nations of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO). India submitted the Instrument of Ratification to WIPO at the 28th session of the Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights in Geneva.
    For the Marrakesh Treaty to come into force, ratification by at least 20 nations is necessary. The treaty requires signatories to introduce national law provisions that facilitates the availability of published works in formats like Braille that are accessible to the blind and allow their exchange across borders by organizations working for the visually impaired.
    The pact will help import of accessible format copies from the member countries by the Indian authorized entities such as educational institutions, libraries and other institutions working for the welfare of the visually impaired. The treaty will also ease translation of imported accessible format copies and export of accessible format copies in Indian languages.

     
    13) Which country’s President became the first serving president of that country to join Twitter? Ans:(1)
    1. India 2. Srilanka 3. USA 4. Canada 5. Nepal

    Explanation: :- President Pranab Mukherjee joined the social networking platform Twitter with his account @RashtrapatiBhvn. He has become the first serving president of India to join Twitter.
    India’s former president Abdul Kalam is already on Twitter with the handle @apj_abdul_kalam. President Mukherjee already has a Facebook page with over 5 lakh followers on the world’s largest social network.

     
    14) As per a new study, which animals have a powerful and positive influence on the function of oceans, global carbon storage, and the health of commercial fisheries and so are called Eco system engineers? Ans:(1)
    1. Whales 2. Sharks 3. Dolphins 4. Fishes 5. Snakes

    Explanation: Scientists tallied several decades of research on whales from around the world, have discovered that whales, in fact, make a huge impact on ocean ecosystem.
    As per scientists, the population of whales has declined by at least 66% and perhaps as high as 90% which has likely changed the structure and function of the oceans, but recovery is possible and in many cases is already in progress.
    “Great whales” which include Baleen and Sperm whales, include the largest animals to have ever existed on Earth. They are the ocean’s ecosystem engineers as they have huge metabolic demands they consume many fish and invertebrates, are themselves prey to other predators like killer whales, and circulate nutrients through the water.
    Even their dead remains, excreta, provide habitat for many species that only dwell on these “whale falls.” The biomass and abundance of great whales has been dramatically reduced by commercial whaling.

     
    15) Which government decides to constitute a separate Committee' (HSGPC) for the Sikhs of the state.? Ans:(2)
    1. Punjab 2. Haryana 3. Bihar 4. UP 5. MP

    Explanation: Its primary job is to manage the Sikh shrines across the state.
    The body will be elected on the pattern of Punjab’s Amritsar- based SGPC.
    The move, understandably, has elicited stiff opposition from Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) of Punjab who calls it an attempt by the ruling party (Congress) to divide the Sikhs for political gains.
    At present, SAD-backed SGPC takes care of this work in 3 states of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.

     
    16) The world's largest mall is to come up at which place in(UAE)? Ans:(2)
    1. Saudi 2. Dubai 3. Doha 4. Qatar 5. None

    Explanation: The shopping mall namely "Mall of the World" will cover an area of 8 million-square foot.
    Its part of an ambitious township project spreading over 50 million square feet which will include approximately 100 hotels, a theme park, numerous theaters, and medical tourism facilties.
    The township, when complete, will also be the first temperature-controlled city in the world.

     
    17) Centre asks UNMOGIP to vacate its which office; and that can continue its activity from Srinagar? Ans:(1)
    1. Delhi 2. Varanasi 3. Pune 4. Mumbai 5. Bangalore

    Explanation: United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) was meant to supervise the ceasefire line established under the Karachi Agreement of July 1949.
    The free-of-charge government accommodation - 1AB, Purana Qila Road - a Type VII bungalow spread over 7000 square feet — was allotted to the UN mission on a temporary basis.
    Its noteworthy that UNMOGIP’s primary role has been overtaken by the Simla Agreement and the consequent establishment of the Line of Control.
    India is now of the view that the UNMOGIP is no longer relevant or have a role to play; though they can resume their Srinagar-based office.

     
    18) NASA is going to launch world's first flying observatory aboard which jetliner in 2015.? Ans:(1)
    1. Boeing 747 2. Boeing 748 3. Boeing 749 4. Boeing 741 5. Boeing 742

    Explanation: The telescope called “Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy” (SOFIA) will have a life-span of 20 years.
    Its mobility will equip it to spot transient space events like supernovae and comets.
    NASA says that the data provided by SOFIA cannot be obtained by any other astronomical facility on the ground or in space.
    The telescope, built with the help from German Aerospace Centre (DLR), can easily be repaired or reprogrammed when necessary.

     
    19) Which panel revises poverty line at Rupees 32 per day in rural areas and Rupees 47 in Urban areas.? Ans:(2)
    1. Shah Commitee 2. C Rangarajan 3. Mukul Mudgal 4. R K Sinha 5. None

    Explanation: It means that a person spending below the given marks should be considered a poor.
    The panel puts 29.5% of the population below the poverty line which is an improvement from 38.2% in 2009-10.
    Earlier, Tendulkar Committee report had set the poverty line at 26 and 33 rupees per day for rural and urban areas respectively.

     
    20) Eduard Shevardnadze, former President of which country who is also a renowned Soviet Foreign Minister, is dead at 86? Ans:(2)
    1. Georgia 2. Argentina 3. Brazil 4. Cuba 5. Belgium

    Explanation: He was the diplomatic face of Mikhail Gorbachev’s liberalising policies of glasnost and perestroika.
    He played key role in many decisions that brought the Cold War to end like withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan in 1989, signing of landmark arms control agreements, and in the German reunification in 1990.
    He also served as the 2nd President of Georgia from 1995 – 2003.
    He was chased out of office following a series of public protests known as the Rose Revolution in the wake of electoral fraud during the 2003 legislative election.

     
    21) Granville Austin, eminent scholar of the ……… constitution, passes away aged 87. ?Ans:(2)
    1. Srilankan 2. Indian 3. Nepal 4. Bhutan 5. Britain

    Explanation: His two books, "The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation" (1966) and "Working a Democratic Constitution: The Indian Experience" (2000) gives the best account of formation, evolution and working of Indian Constitution. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 2011 for his contribution.

     
    22) In a move that would empower the State governments to carry out de-hoarding operations, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the inclusion of which two items under the purview of stock holding limits under theEssential Commodities Act, 1955.? Ans:(2)
    1. Tomato & Cauliflower 2. Potato & Onion 3. Beans & Drumstick 4. Cabbage & Raw Banana 5. Tomato & Beet root

    Explanation: This has been taken to deal with the problem of artificial scarcity of these commodities created by the hoarders which leads to increase in prices. It will also improve the availability of these commodities to the general public particularly vulnerable sections.
    State Governments are now empowered to continue to conduct de-hoarding operations effectively under the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 by fixing stock limits/licensing requirements etc. in respect of these commodities especially in view of soaring prices.
    Background:
    The Essential Commodities Act, 1955 seeks to ensure the easy availability of essential commodities to consumers and to protect them from exploitation by dishonest traders. The Act enables regulation and control of production, distribution and pricing of commodities, which are declared as essential for maintaining or increasing supplies or for securing their equitable distribution and availability at fair prices. Various Ministries/ Departments of the Central Government and State Governments/Union Territory administrations exercise the powers of this act to issue Control Orders for regulating production, distribution, price and other aspects in relation to the commodities declared as essential.

     
    23) India’s ANTRIX (ISRO’s commercial arm) successfully launched how many foreign satellites from four countries on board PSLV-C23 rocket which placed them in orbit.? Ans:(3)
    1. 3 2. 4 3. 5 4. 6 5. 7

    Explanation: The rocket was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota and was also witnessed by PM Narendra Modi.
    ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C23 placed all five satellites into their respective orbits.
    The rocket carried with it primary payload of 714 kg French Earth Observation Satellite SPOT-7, 14 kg AISAT of Germany, NLS7.1 (CAN-X4) and NLS7.2 (CAN-X5) of Canada each weighing 15 kg and the 7 kg VELOX-1 of Singapore.
    PM Modi extolled the efforts Indian space scientists and asked the space community to develop a SAARC satellite.
    He referred to pictures showing rocket components being transported on bicycles.
    • SPOT 7: French satellite, it will be part of the existing Earth observation satellite. It has been built by European space technology company Airbus Defence and Space.
    • AISAT: German nano-satellite, to focus on the global sea-traffic monitoring system with special emphasis on high traffic zones using AIS signals.
    • NLS 7.1 and NLS 7.2: Canadian satellite, they will perform Two-spacecraft precision formation flying using differential GPS with centimetre-level relative position and sub-metre level accurate position control system.
    • VELOX-1: Singaporean satellite, it is a technology demonstrator for in-house design of image sensor, MEMS-based attitude determination and control system and inter-satellite RF link.

     
    24) Star Indian badminton player Saina Nehwal defeated Carolina Marin to win the $750,000 Star Australian Super Series title. Carolina belongs to which country? Ans:(1)
    1. Spain 2. Nigeria 3. China 4. Cuba 5. Cambodia

    Explanation: The 6th seeded Indian, who had clinched the India Open Grand Prix Gold earlier this year, dominated the contest throughout.

     
    25) What is the name of the new technology that Researchers at the University of York in the U.K have developed ? Ans:(1)
    1. Facelock technology 2. Facebook Technology 3. Facekey technology 4. Face to Face Technology 5. No Face technology

    Explanation: Facelock technology which provides an alternative to remembering complicated passwords.
    Retaining complicated passwords has always been a difficult job for most people. There is also a risk of hacking if the passwords are kept too simple.
    The new Facelock technology attempts to deal with these issues. It is based on human psychological trait of remembering familiar faces with close to 98% accuracy.
    Facelock needs users to choose from a selection of faces that are well known to them. Then when they want to log in or get access to a secure system, a series of face grids is created, and users must select the familiar face in each grid.
    As per researchers, it’s easy for users to select a familiar face from the crowd — but very difficult for others to hack, since none of the faces will stand out to them