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    Weekly Bits 13-06-16
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    1) World Environment Day was observed on….June 2016? Ans : (1)
    1. 5th
    2. 4th
    3. 3rd
    4. 2nd
    5. 1st

    Explanation: This year is Zero tolerance for the illegal trade in wildlife. To reduce demand for illegal wildlife products, the campaign stresses that greed, fashion, ignorance, indifference, investment, corruption, pseudo medicinal use and cultural beliefs should not be allowed to endanger any species of animal or plant or tree. The host country for the event is Angola. The year's slogan "Go Wild for Life" encourages everyone to spread word about extensive damage caused by wildlife crime. It also asks people to challenge all to do what they can to prevent it. Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu flagged off Tiger Express, a semi-luxury tourist train, from Safdarjung station New Delhi. It has been launched to spread awareness on tiger conservation.

    2) Senior official C R Sasi kumar has taken over as as Managing Director of State Bank of………? Ans : (2)
    1. State bank of Mysore
    2. State bank of Travancore
    3. State bank of Indore
    4. State bank of Delhi
    5. State bank of India

    Explanation: Sasikumar started his career as a probationary officer with SBI in 1978 and has since held several key assignments along with overseas assignments.

    3) V.O. Chidambaranar Port has won the National Award for Excellence in Cost Management for the year 2015. This award was received by the port for ……….. time? Ans : (3)
    1. 2nd
    2. 4th
    3. 3rd
    4. 5th
    5. 6th

    Explanation: V.O. Chidambaranar Port has won the National Award for Excellence in Cost Management for the year 2015 from the Institute of Cost Accountants of India under the category of Public Service Sector- Small. This is the third time the port has received the award, (earlier in 2008 and 2012). It has been awarded for its exemplary performance toward optimisation of manpower, savings in electricity, implementation of solar energy systems, reduction of overall cost of handling by mechanisation and improving efficiency and logistics support.

    4) Which state of India has launched Jai Jawan Awas Yojna, an initiative to provide affordable housing to serving and retired Junior Commissioned Officers (JCOs) and other ranks.? (4)
    1. Odisha
    2. Mizoram
    3. Arunachal Pradesh
    4. Haryana
    5. Punjab

    Explanation: The project is being executed by the Army Welfare Housing Organisation. This housing project has been named in the memory of Late Major Rajiv Joon, recipient of Ashok Chakra and Shaurya Chakra, who had attained martyrdom fighting militants in Anantnag district of Jammu & Kashmir.

    5) World’s first ever 3D printed aircraft by Airbus was recently displayed at the International Aerospace Exhibition in Schoenefeld. Name it? Ans : (1)
    1. THOR
    2. KHOR
    3. MOHR
    4. MORH
    5. LORH

    Explanation:THOR is the abbreviation of Test of High-tech Objectives in Reality. It is a 3-part windowless, 3D printed aircraft which weighs just 21 kg. It is less than 4 metres in length. It has been printed using a substance called Polyamide. The giant aviation companies like Airbus and Boeing are already using 3D printing technology to create various parts used in their huge passenger planes.

    6) Right to Public Grievance Redressal Act 2015 launched in which state recently? Ans : (3)
    1. Gujarath
    2. Maharashtra
    3. Bihar
    4. Odisha
    5. Karnataka

    Explanation: Chief Minister of Bihar Nitish Kumar recently launched "Right to Public Grievance Redressal Act - 2015" in the state on occasion of jayprakash Narayan's Sampoorna Kranti Diwas. This Act is aimed at empowering people to seek redressal of their grievances in time bound manner. He also inaugurated the State Public Grievances Receipts Centre in Patna. The state government had already established Public Grievances Redressal Offices and Grievance Receipts centres in all 38 districts and 101 sub-divisional headquarters across the state.

    7) PM Narendra Modi finalised how many major agreements with Qatar during his recent five-nation visit to Afghanistan, Qatar, Switzerland, the United States and Mexico. ? Ans : (5)
    1. 4
    2. 5
    3. 6
    4. 8
    5. 7

    Explanation: :- The deals were inked in the presence of Emir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani. The MoU pertain to sectors including infrastructure investment, customs administration, financial intelligence unit, skill development, tourism, Health and Youth & sports. These agreements will enable the countries to strengthen their bilateral ties.

    8) Recently, Scientists at NASA, Environment and Climate Change Canada, and two universities with the help a new satellite-based method, have located how many unreported and major human-made sources of toxic sulfur dioxide emissions.? Ans : (5)
    1. 12
    2. 15
    3. 25
    4. 35
    5. 39

    Explanation: A known health hazard and contributor to acid rain, sulfur dioxide (SO2) is one of six air pollutants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Current, sulfur dioxide monitoring activities include the use of emission inventories that are derived from ground-based measurements and factors, such as fuel usage. The research team also located 75 natural sources of sulfur dioxide like non-erupting volcanoes slowly leaking the toxic gas throughout the year. The study was published in The Nature Geoscience journal on 30 May 2016.

    9) Mixed doubles team of India's Leander paes and Martina Hingis have clinched the French Open 2016 Mixed Double title by defeating the Indo-Croatian team of Sania Mirza & Ivan Dodig. Martina Hingis belongs to which country? Ans : (3)
    1. Sweden
    2. Russia
    3. Switzerland
    4. Mexico
    5. Argentina

    Explanation: With this win, Leander Paes has become the 3rd man to to complete a double career Grand Slam (men's and mixed). The other winners of French Open 2016 are as follows : Men's Single : Novak Djokovic (Serbia) Women's Single: Garbine Muguruza (Spain) Men's Double: Feliciano Lopez & Marc Lopez (both Spain) Women's Double: Caroline Garcia & Kristina Mladenovic (Both France).

    10) Founder and chairperson of Reliance Foundation, Nita Ambani has been nominated to be part of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) headquartered at Lausanne. Where is Lausanne? Ans : (3)
    1. Sweden
    2. Venezuela
    3. Switzerland
    4. Myanmar
    5. USA

    Explanation: The election will be held at the 129th IOC Session that will take place in Rio de Janeiro between 2nd and 4th August 2016. The independent selection process follows a new procedure for recruitment of IOC members based on the Olympic Agenda 2020 recommendations. Once elected, she will continue to be a member until attaining 70 years of age. The other seven members nominated are Sari Essayah (Finland), Ivo Ferriani (Italy), Luis Moreno (Colombia), Auvita, Rapilla (Papua New Guinea), Anant Singh (South Africa), Tricia Smith (Canada), Karl Stoss (Austria).

    11) V Narayanaswamy has been named as the Chief Minister of which state/UT? Ans : (3)
    1. Lakshadweep
    2. Manipur
    3. Puducherry
    4. Andaman & Nicobar islands
    5. Mizoram

    Explanation: :- V Narayanaswamy has been named as the Chief Minister of Puducherry after the grand old party held a legislature party meeting. Hailing from Poornankuppam village, Narayanaswamy is an active Congress leader.

    12) Recently Massive amounts of ammonia gas has been observed by the researchers on which planet. The researchers are from The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley).? Ans : (3)
    1. Saturn
    2. Mars
    3. Jupiter
    4. Venus
    5. Mercury

    Explanation: The researchers used an upgraded version of Karl G Jansky very large array in New Mexico to measure radio emissions from Jupiter's atmosphere. The Jupiter's thermal radio emissions are partially absorbed by ammonia gas. So, on the basis of the amount of absorption, the researchers can determine the amount of ammonia is present on Jupiter and it's depth. These observations will further help to learn the regions of Jupiter's atmospheres, cloud formation and global circulation of Jupiter. The studies will also shed light on the other giant planets in the solar system. Jupiter's ammonia rich gases form upper cloud layers, where the ammonium hydrosulphide cloud (-73 degrees) & ammonia ice cloud (-113 degrees) are formed

    13) Desert Eagle II, which was the second in the series of bilateral exercises between Indian Air Force (IAF) and which country Air Force was concluded recently.? Ans : (4)
    1. UK
    2. USSR
    3. USA
    4. UAE
    5. Srilanka

    Explanation: It was a ten day air combat exercise which took place at Al-Dhafra Air Base, Abu Dhabi. India & UAE had signed a defence co-operation agreement called 'Agreement of Defence Co-operation' in 2003. India's IAF Su 30MKI & Mirage 2000-9 have participated in the exercise. From UAE Air Force F-16 block 60 took part. Both the countries previously took part in the Desert Eagle military exercise in 2008.

    14) N.K.Chari has been appointed as the new Managing Director of ……………….? Ans : (1)
    1. State bank of Mysore
    2. State bank of Travancore
    3. State bank of Hyderabad
    4. Bank of Baroda
    5. Indian overseas bank

    Explanation: Prior to this new position, he served as the Deputy Managing Director of State Bank of India. Mr. Chari, a postgraduate in commerce from Delhi University, joined State Bank of India as a Probationary Officer in September 1978.

    15) Which country is top in FIFA rankings? Ans : (2)
    1. Brazil
    2. Argentina
    3. India
    4. Belgium
    5. Bulgeria

    Explanation: Argentina continues to hold its first position while Belgium also ranks 2nd on the list of latest FIFA rankings. India have fallen down one spot to 163, while England have been replaced in the top 10 by Austria. FIFA rankings were introduced in December 1992 and teams of Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain have held the top positions consistently, of which Brazil has topped the list highest number of times.

    16) Legend, Muhammed Ali passed away recently. He was associated with which sport/Game? Ans : (3)
    1. Cricket
    2. Football
    3. Boxing
    4. Chess
    5. Volley ball

    Explanation:Legendary boxing champion, Muhammad Ali, passed away at the age of 74 after battling with prolonged illness. Ali was diagnosed of Parkinson's disease after three years of his retirement from boxing in 1981. He won the heavyweight boxing championship title thrice and won 57 matches from the total of 62 he played.

    17) Who has been recently appointed as the Director General (DG)/ Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA)? Ans : (1)
    1. Navin agarwal
    2. Kajal agarwal
    3. Nisha agarwal
    4. Pooja agarwal
    5. Naren agarwal

    Explanation: Agarwal is a 1986 batch IPS officer of Jammu and Kashmir cadre and is appointed for a period of five years.

    18) To promote breeding and conservation of vultures, which state Government has launched Asia's First 'Gyps Vulture Reintroduction Programme' at Jatayu Conservation Breeding Centre, Pinjore.? Ans : (3)
    1. Punjab
    2. Odisha
    3. Haryana
    4. Andhra Pradesh
    5. Kerala

    Explanation: The Union Government became prominent vulture breeding and conservation centre in India after successfully breeding Himalayan Griffon Vultures which is old world vulture in the family of Accipitridae. Vultures play an important role in keeping the environment clean however due to indirect consumption of Diclofenac (used for treating cattle) through cattle carcasses the number of vultures began to decline significantly. With this achievement, the country hopes to have four crores vultures in coming 10 years.

    19) Asia's largest annual security forum Shangri-La dialogue has begun in the ……… Asia Security Summit? Ans : (3)
    1. 11th
    2. 12th
    3. 15th
    4. 16th
    55. 17th

    Explanation: The Summit is being held at Singapore to discuss the security issues in the Asia-Pacific region. The issues like territorial disputes in the South China Sea, military provocations of North Korea, Islamist extremism and cybersecurity are likely to be discussed in this dialogue. The Asia Security was first launched in 2002 by the Singaporean government along with British think tank the International Institute for Strategic Studies. The forum is organized by the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

    20) Asia's largest annual security forum Shangri-La dialogue has begun recently, The Asia Security was first launched in which year? Ans : (3)
    1. 2000
    2. 2001
    3. 2002
    4. 2003
    5. 2004

    Explanation: The Asia Security was first launched in 2002 by the Singaporean government along with British think tank the International Institute for Strategic Studies. The forum is organized by the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

    21) Which state has become the first ever state in the country to give social benefits to transgenders like pension, housing and food grains? Ans : (3)
    1. Assam
    2. Kerala
    3. Odisha
    4. Manipur
    5. Uttar Pradesh

    Explanation: :- These benefits are aimed at improving their overall social and economic status. The socio-economic status of the transgenders people is in the worst condition. They very often do not get employment easily. They also have to face ostracism and discrimination, as well as verbal, physical and sexual abuse. The Odisha State government is planning to give Below Poverty Line(BPL) cards to the people from this community which will benefit them in claiming various advantages from government schemes and policies.

    22) As per the report released by consulting major Capgemini, in the six-month period till February this year Innovation centres in the country doubled to how much? Ans : (3)
    1. 11
    2. 15
    3. 16
    4. 18
    5. 20

    Explanation: India has become among top five global locations for innovation centre. Bengaluru added four of the eight new innovation centres to emerge as the fifth global hub for innovation in a list led by Silicon Valley, London, Paris and Singapore. The report also added that, 42 per cent of the leading financial organisations had innovation centres in February 2016 as compared to 28 per cent in July 2015.

    23) Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has jointly inaugurated the Afghan-Indian Friendship Dam with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. This dam is earlier known as ………..? Ans : (3)
    1. Sulma dam
    2. Uzma dam
    3. Salma dam
    4. Arman dam
    5. Salman dam

    Explanation: The dam is a 1,700 crore project in the strategically important Herat province. The dam reflects the strong commitment of India towards the reconstruction of the Afghanistan. The project has been executed and implemented by WAPCOS Ltd, a government of India undertaking under ministry of water resources, river development and Ganga rejuvenation. This dam is earlier known as Salma dam built on the river Chist-e-Sharif. It will irrigate 75,000 hectares of land and generate 42 MW power.

    24) As per the Good Country 2015 index, which country has been voted as the best country in the world.? Ans : (3)
    1. Switzerland
    2. Norway
    3. Sweden
    4. Bhutan
    5. Myanmar

    Explanation: The report ranked a total of 163 countries taking 35 different UN and World Bank indices into account, including global contributions to science, culture, peace and security, climate change and health and equality. The top ten best countries in the world are Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, the UK, Germany, Finland, Canada, France, Austria and New Zealand. Libya was ranked as the least "good" country in the world

    25) As per the Good Country 2015 index, India has been given the …….. rank? Ans : (4)
    1. 80th
    2. 60th
    3. 50th
    4. 70th
    5. 45th

    Explanation: :- India stood 62nd in Science and technology and 37th in health and wellbeing. It was ranked 119th in culture, 106th in climate and 100th in world order.