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    Weekly Bits 21-7-14
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    1) As per a notification released by Telecom Regulatory Authority India (TRAI),the minimum broadband speed has been raised to how many kilo bytes per second (kbps). Ans : (1)
    1. 512 2. 500 3. 456 4. 576 5. 612

    The earlier minimum broadband speed of 256 kbps was as per the Broadband Policy 2004.

    The telecom regulator has made amendment to the Telecom Consumers Complaint Redressal Regulations, 2012 and the regulations will be called theTelecom Consumers Complaint Redressal (3rd Amendment) Regulations.

    The new definition of "broadband" is: "A data connection that is able to support interactive services including internet access and has the capability of minimum download speed of 512 kbps to an individual subscriber from the point of presence (POP) of the service provider intending to provide broadband service".

    The regulations will come into force after publication in the official gazette. The broadband speed has been revised by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) in consonance with the National Telecom Policy 2012 and TRAI suggestions. As per the National Telecom Policy 2012, the government aims to enhance the broadband download speed of to 512 kbps from 256 kbps and subsequently to 2 Mbps by 2015. As per TRAI data, total broadband subscribers in the country increased by 5.82% to 65.33 million at the end of May 2014 from 61.74 million at the end of April 2014.

    2)Who has been appointed as the Goodwill Ambassador of UN Women?Ans: (2)
    1. Jimma Watson 2. Emma Watson 3. Reema Watson 4. Watty Watson 5. None

    Explanation: Famous British actress, Emma Watson, has been appointed as the Goodwill Ambassador of UN Women - the United Nation's organization devoted to gender equality and the empowerment of women.

    Widely known for her role as Hermione Granger in the 'Harry Potter' film series, the distinguished actress, humanitarian, and recent graduate of Ivy League institution Brown University, will dedicate her efforts as UN Women Goodwill Ambassador towards the empowerment of young women and will serve as an advocate for UN Women's HeForShe campaign in promoting gender equality.
    Swiss authorities are identifying the real owners of funds held in various banks in Switzerland "HeForShe Campaign"

    HeForShe is a UN Women's solidarity campaign which calls upon the masculine gender to stand up against the inequalities faced by women and girls globally. The movement bolsters the support for women's rights as human rights by enlisting the support of men and urging them to play the role of promoters of gender equality.

    3) Who is the new Union Railway Minister who presented his first RailwayBudget in Parliament on July 9th 2014? Ans:(3)

    1. D S Shiva Shankar2. Arun Jaitley 2. Arun Jaitley 3. D.V. Sadananda Gowda 4. Sushma Swaraj 5. Smrithi Irani

    Explanation: Below are the highlights of this Budget:

    • No new hike in passenger fares and freight charges
    • Bullet train in Mumbai-Ahmedabad sector
    • Diamond quadrilateral for high speed trains
    • Proposal to enhance speed of trains to 160-200 km/hr in 9 sectors
    • Online booking to support 7,200 tickets/minute; to enable 1.2 lakh users log in simultaneously
    • Revamp of reservation system, ticket-booking through mobile phones, post offices to be promoted
    • Online platform for unreserved tickets
    • Stations to have Combo parking-platform tickets
    • Women RPF Constables to escort ladies coaches; 4,000 women constables to be inducted
    • Retiring room facility to be extended to all stations
    • Battery powered Cars for differently-abled and senior citizens at major stations
    • Feedback services through IVRS on quality of food
    • Food can be ordered through SMS, phone; Food courts at major stations
    • CCTVs to be used at stations for monitoring cleanliness
    • Forming a corpus fund for stations' maintenance
    • RO drinking water at some stations and trains
    • Automatic door closing in mainline and sub-urban coaches
    • 58 new trains and extension of 11; 864 additional EMUs to be started in Mumbai over 2 years
    • FDI in railway projects, except in operations
    • FDI, domestic investments in rail infrastructure.
    • Office-on-Wheels: Internet & workstation amenities on select trains
    • WiFi in A1, A category stations and in select trains
    • Railways university for technical and non-technical subjects
    • Some stations to be built to international standards through PPP model
    • Parcel traffic to be segregated to separate terminals to make passenger traffic unhampered
    • Loss per passenger per kilometre up from 10% in 2000-01 to 23% in 2012-13
    • Use of Solar energy at major stations
    • Highest ever plan outlay of Rs. 65,455 crore for 2014-15
    • Expenditure in 2014-15 pegged at Rs. 149,176 crore.

    4) Which country wins Maritime dispute with India?Ans: (2)

    1. Srilanka 2. Bangladesh 3. Nepal 4. Bhutan 5. China

    The much-awaited verdict on the dispute regarding the delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Bangladesh was delivered on 7th June, with a United Nations tribunal awarding Bangladesh 19,467 sq. km of the 25,602 sq. km sea area of the Bay of Bengal.

    The arbitral tribunal had informed both the parties of the verdict but an embargo prevented it from being made public before 24 hours. The content of the verdict of the long-standing dispute was announced by Bangladesh Foreign Minister A.H. Mahmood Ali

    The verdict of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) came after nearly five years of arguments and counter-arguments, spot visit by judges and examination of survey reports. Bangladesh Ambassador to the Netherlands Sheikh Mohammed Belal and Indian Ambassador in The Hague, Rajesh Nandan Prasad, received the copies of the verdict. The tribunal verdict is binding on all parties and there is no option for appeal.

    However, according to the rules of procedures, if any party needs any interpretation of the verdict, it can make a request to the court within 30 days of receiving the verdict and the interpretation would be made available within 45 days. Bangladesh went in for arbitration over the delimitation of maritime boundary under the United Nations Convention on Law of Sea (UNCLOS) on October 8 2009.The court concluded its hearings on December 18, 2013 in The Hague.The argument focussed on issues including the location of the land boundary terminus, delimitation of the territorial sea, exclusive economic zone, and the continental shelf within and beyond 200 nautical miles.
    South Talpatti, or New Moore was a small uninhabited offshore sandbar landform in theBay of Bengal, off the coast of the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta region. It emerged in the Bay of Bengal in the aftermath of the Bhola cyclone in 1970, and disappeared at some later point.

    Although the island was uninhabited and there were no permanent settlements or stations located on it, both India and Bangladesh claimed sovereignty over it because of speculation over the existence of oil and natural gas in the region. The issue of sovereignty was also a part of the larger dispute over the Radcliffe Award methodology of settling the maritime boundary between the two nations

    5) Which country is going to honour Gandhiji with statue in Parliament Square? Ans:(1)

    1. UK 2. USSR 3. Australia 4. South Africa 5. Japan

    Explanation:Mahatma Gandhi is to be honoured outside Britain's Parliament, British Finance Minister George Osborne said. Mr Osborne, on a trip to New Delhi to meet the new government of Narendra Modi, said that Britain would "honour his memory with statue in front of mother of parliaments" in Parliament Square.

    6)India and which other country have agreed to launch a their Financial Partnership that will aim to promote closer ties between Mumbai and London as financial centres? Ans:(3)

    1.USSR 2. USA 3. UK 4. Srilanka 5. Canada

    Explanation: The strategic partnership - to be supported by both the Governments and the respective financial services industries - will be set up over the next three months, according to a joint statement issued by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and UK Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne.

    This followed the seventh round of UK-India Economic and Financial Dialogue held on 8th July.

    In the first year, the deal will cover the following work-streams: collaboration to develop the Indian corporate bond market; mutual sharing of expertise on banking regulation and capitalisation; enhancing financial training and qualification; financial inclusion; (v) and developing a programme around the opportunities to improve cross-border provision of financial and insurance services.

    7) Chinese and which other country firms and research institutes on 8th July signed agreements on eight joint projects for coping with climate change ahead of a strategic dialogue between the two countries? Ans:(1)

    1.US 2. USSR 3. France 4. Canada 5. Afghanisthan

    Explanation: The projects address carbon capture, usage and storage, hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) reduction, and the move toward low-carbon cities and a low-carbon model for the cement industry.

    The deals marked some of the achievements by the China-US climate change working group, launched during US Secretary of State John Kerry's visit to China in April 2013 and aimed at enhancing cooperation on climate change. The working group will report to senior Chinese and US leaders attending the sixth China-US Strategic and Economic Dialogue beginning tomorrow in Beijing.

    The US and China, two of the world's biggest emitters of carbon dioxide and other gases blamed for global warming, have agreed to closely work together on concrete steps against climate change.

    8) Who among the following has been appointed Additional Solicitor-General in the Supreme Court? Ans:(2)

    1. Priya anand 2. Pinky Anand 3. Shreya anand 4. Shikha Anand 5. Swetha anand

    Explanation: She is the second woman lawyer to be appointed in this position. The first is Indira Jaising
    Additional Solicitor General (ASG) of India is not a constitutional position. ASG assists Solicitor General of India. Solicitor General of India assists Attorney General of India.

    Attorney General of India is constitutional position under article 76. Whereas posts of the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General are statutory bodies

    • Attorney General of India is the first law Officer of the country
    • First Attorney General of India - MC Setalvad
    • At present Solicitor General of India - Ranjit Kumar
    • First Solicitor General of India- CK Daphtary

    9) Finance Minister has said that India's fiscal situation is worse that it appears. He emphasized subsidy reforms for the consolidation of fiscal situation. Who is our Finance minister? Ans:(2)

    1. Sushma Swaraj 2. Arun Jaitley 3. Jaya Jaitley 4. Smrithi Irani 5. Hema malini

    Explanation: Economic Survey has pegged that India's GDP growth rate would be around 5.4% to 5.9% in the current financial year. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has said that India's fiscal situation is worse that it appears. He emphasized subsidy reforms for the consolidation of fiscal situation. The important points of the economic survey are.......


    • Recommended raising tax-to-GDP ratio for fiscal consolidation
    • Shortfall in revenues can be contained through better mobilisation and reforms

    • Fiscal deficit is the difference between the government's expenditures and its revenues (excluding the money it's borrowed). A country's fiscal deficit is usually communicated as a percentage of its gross domestic product (GDP)


    • Economic growth of 7-8 percent not seen before 2016/17
    • Downward risk to economic growth due to poor monsoon, external factors

    • Government needs to move towards low and stable inflation through fiscal consolidation, wholesale Price Index (WPI) inflation expected to moderate by end-2014
    • Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation showing signs of moderation
    • Needs to create a competitive national market for food
    • What is Inflation

      Inflation is defined as a sustained increase in the general level of prices for goods and services. It is measured as an annual percentage increase. As inflation rises, every dollar you own buys a smaller percentage of a good or service


    • 2014/15 current account deficit may be contained to around $45 billion or to 2.1 percent of GDP

    • A measurement of a country's trade in which the value of goods and services it imports exceeds the value of goods and services it exports. The current account also includes net income, such as interest and dividends, as well as transfers, such as foreign aid, though these components tend to make up a smaller percentage of the current account than exports and imports. The current account is a calculation of a country's foreign transactions, and along with the capital account is a component of a country’s balance of payment.


      Rationalization of subsidies such as fertilizer and food essential, need to shift subsidy programme from price subsidies to income support


    • Government needs to move towards simple tax regime, fewer tax exemptions and single rate of goods and services tax (GST)

    • The GST is an indirect tax that would replace existing levies such as excise duty, service tax and value-added tax (VAT). The states and the federal government will impose the tax on almost all goods and services produced in India or imported. Exports will not attract GST.

      Direct Taxes Code (DTC) required to replace existing income tax laws; will reduce compliance costs and boost tax collection.

    10)Which country won in the semifinal in the ongoing world cup soccer?Ans:(1)
    1. Germany 2. Canada 3. Australia 4. Srilanka 5. USA

    Explanation: Germany won in the semifinal in the ongoing world cup soccer. It defeated Brazil.

    11) Recently, Legendary actress Zohra Sehgal passed away on ……?Ans:(2)
    1. July 11 2. July 10 3. July 9 4. July 8 5. July 7

    Explanation: Legendary actress Zohra Sehgal passed away on 10th July. She was the recipient of many awards including Padma Vibhushan.

    12)The Narendra Modi government introduced its maiden budget in Lok sabha on ? Ans:(2)
    1. 11 July 2. 10 July 3. 9 July 4. 12 July 5. 13 July

    Explanation: The Narendra Modi government introduced its maiden budget in Lok sabha on 10th July. The high lights are.......


  • Accepts fiscal deficit target of 4.1 percent of GDP for 2014/15
  • Fiscal deficit seen at 3.6 percent of GDP in 2015/16
  • Tax-to-GDP ratio must be raised

  • Aims for sustained growth of 7-8 percent in the next 3-4 years
  • Finance minister says he is bound to usher in policies for higher growth, lower inflation

  • Aims to approve goods and services tax by end of this year
  • Extends 5 percent withholding tax on corporate bonds until June 30 2017
  • To provide necessary tax changes to introduce real estate investment trusts and infrastructure investment trusts
  • Extends 10-year tax holiday for power generation companies

  • Estimates that total expenditure will be 17.95 trillion rupees in 2014/15
  • Revenue deficit seen at 2.9 percent of GDP in 2014/15
  • Capital receipts seen at 739.5 billion rupees in 2014/15
  • Retains tax collection targets and makes no major changes to direct tax rates
  • Allocates 2.29 trillion rupees for defence spending in 2014/15; capital outlay raised by 50 billion rupees over interim budget
  • Earmarks 70.6 billion rupees to create 100 "smart cities"
  • Proposes 50 billion rupees for warehousing capacity; 100 billion rupees of private capital for start-up companies; and 378 billion rupees of investment in national and state highways
  • proposed for rural housing scheme

  • Raises limit on foreign direct investment in defence sector from 26 percent to 49 percent
  • Raises FDI limit in insurance sector from 26 percent to 49 percent

  • Plans to make food and petroleum subsidies more targeted
  • Rural job-guarantee scheme, which provides 100 days of paid employment a year, will become more focused on asset creation

  • Will focus on acheiving 4 percent growth per year in agriculture
  • Sets farm credit target at 8 trillion rupees for 2014/15
  • Proposes a long-term rural credit fund with an initial corpus of 50 billion rupees
13) What is the full form of CBDT? Ans:(1)
1.Central Board of Direct Taxes 2. Central Bureau of Police department and Task Force 3. Comptroller Board Department Technology 4. Commodities Barcode and Direct Taxes 5. None

Explanation: :- :- Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has assured investors that retrospective amendments to the tax laws would be handled with kid gloves and that all fresh cases arising out of the 2012 amendment of the Income-Tax Act would be looked into by a high-level Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) committee. Stating that the Government is committed to providing stable and predictable taxation regime which would be investor-friendly, Jaitley said all the previous cases, related to retrospective transaction, would be scrutinised by the CBDT committee before any action is taken.

What is Retrospective tax?

Retrospective tax is an amendment or provision which are made applicable from past date are called effective retrospectively. In Vodaphone case also Govt has amended Income Tax Act 1961 and applied taxation on certain transaction done by Vodaphone out of India from past date

14) Finance Minister set aside a sum of Rs. 7,060 crore for the development of how many smart cities? Ans:(3)
1. 89 2. 90 3. 100 4. 101 5. 150

Explanation: Finance Minister set aside a sum of Rs. 7,060 crore for the development of 100 smart cities, the cities will be developed as satellite towns of larger cities and by modernising existing mid-sized cities.

The basic premise of any small city is making infrastructure network and delivery of services more efficient. This is done across verticals such as telecommunications, logistics, water and gas supply through methods such as smart meters, sensors and global positioning systems.
In India, setting up smart technology in established cities takes a much longer gestation period as most of these cities were not built keeping technology advancement in mind. By allocating money exclusively for smart city projects, the Centre will therefore be able to gently nudge the more entrepreneurial of cities while convincing the late adopters that smart technology is worth it.

Other steps to get the process moving, including relaxing the conditions required for foreign direct investment, will help in the creation of more greenfield satellite cities. This is because, in most cases, information technology only accounts for five per cent of the project's total cost.

15) Former Mizoram Governor Vakkom B Purushothaman, who was transferred to Nagaland, resigned on …..? Ans:(1)
1. 11 July 2. 12 July 3. 13 July 4. 14 July 5. 15 July

Explanation: PFormer Mizoram Governor Vakkom B Purushothaman, who was transferred to Nagaland, resigned on 11th July. After NDA assuming power Purushothaman is the first politician-turned-governor to resign. All other governors who resigned recently were bureaucrats.
In a reshuffle of governors effected by the Centre on July 6, Gujarat Governor Kamala Beniwal was transferred to Mizoram while Purushothaman was transferred and appointed as governor of Nagaland. He was also given additional charge of the office of governor of Tripura.

The governors and lieutenant-governors of the states and union territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level. Governors exist in the states while lieutenant-governors exist in union territories and in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The governor acts as the nominal head whereas the real power lies in the hand of the chief ministers of the states and the chief minister's Council of Ministers.

In India, a lieutenant governor is in charge of a Union Territory. However the rank is present only in the union territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Delhi and Puducherry The governors and lieutenant-governors are appointed by the president for a term of 5 years.

16) Which city has become the world's second most populous city in 2014 after Tokyo? Ans:(2)
1. Paris 2. Delhi 3. Colombo 4. Kiev 5. Kaulalampur

Explanation: Delhi has become the world's second most populous city in 2014 after Tokyo, more than doubling its population since 1990 to 25 million, according to a UN report.The 2014 revision of the World Urbanisation Prospects launched on 10th July said that India is projected to add the highest number of people to its urban population by 2050, ahead of China. The Indian capital is expected to retain the spot of the world's second most populous city through at least 2030, when its population is expected to rise swiftly to 36 million.
Tokyo topped UN's ranking of the most populous cities in 2014 with 38 million inhabitants and while its population is projected to decline, it will remain the world's largest city in 2030 with 37 million people.
Mumbai, which ranks sixth on the list of the world's most populous cities in 2014, is projected to become the fourth largest city in 2030 when its population would grow to 28 million from the current 21 million. Tokyo and New Delhi were followed by Shanghai with 23 million, and Mexico City, Mumbai and Sao Paulo, each with around 21 million inhabitants in 2014.
The report said that the largest urban growth will take place in India, China and Nigeria between 2014 and 2050, with the three countries accounting for 37 per cent of the projected growth of the world's urban population. By 2050, India is projected to add 404 million urban dwellers, way more than China's projection of 292 million. Nigeria will add 212 million to its urban population. India's current urban population is 410 million people and this will grow to 814 million by 2050. China currently has the largest urban population of 758 million.


  • India and China account for 30 per cent of the world's urban population.
  • The two Asian giants along with the United States, Brazil, Indonesia, Japan and Russia currently account for more than half of the world's urban population.
  • About 54 per cent of the world's population currently lives in urban areas and this proportion is expected to increase to 66 per cent by 2050, with the maximum increase taking place in the urban areas of Africa and Asia.
  • The world's urban population is now close to 3.9 billion and is expected to reach 6.3 billion in 2050, according to the UN report.
  • The rural population of the world has grown slowly since 1950 and is expected to reach its peak in a few years. Approximately 3.4 billion people currently live in rural areas around the world.
  • However, sometime after 2020, the world's rural population will start to decline and is expected to reach 3.2 billion in 2050.
  • India currently has the largest rural population at 857 million, followed by China (635 million).
    17) Central Ground Water Board and Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) on 9 July 2014 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to facilitate a collaborative study to assess the impact of ground water abstraction on land subsidence in Northern India? ( Ans:(1)
    1.Indian Institute of Remote Sensing 2. NGRI 3. Survey of India 4. CCMB 5. None

    Explanation: The study involves use of state of art technologies such as Space borne Geodetic observations on land subsidence, predictive modelling, inter-comparison of land subsidence, ground water depletion and space based gravity anomaly etc.The Project results include land subsidence information for selected cities of northern India and regional groundwater depletion scenario along with recharge assessment.

    18) India and which other country has signed an India-Canada Audiovisual Co-production Treaty with an aim to create jobs in both countries and boost tourism? Ans:(3)
    1.Srilanka 2. Nepal 3. Canada 4. Bhutan 5. Japan

    Explanation: This audiovisual treaty is the first of its kind for India and was signed in Delhi. The treaty came into force on 1 July 2014 but the announcement was made on 9 July 2014 Canada is a country in North America consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. At 9.98 million square kilometres in total, Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. Its common border with the United States is the world's longest land border shared by the same two countries

  • Capital: Ottawa
  • Currency: Canadian Dollar
    19) The new government added how many new vaccines in the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP)? Ans:(2)
    1. 3 2. 4 3. 5 4. 6 5. 7

    Explanation: Currently, routine immunisation requires about Rs 1,000 crore annually, and with the introduction of four vaccines into the UIP — rotavirus, rubella and polio (injectable) and an adult vaccine against Japanese encephalitis — will require an additional Rs 3,500 crore

    An additional Rs 1,000 crore also goes into the Pulse Polio campaign. However, the Pulse Polio campaign would be phased out gradually, since the country has received polio-free status. India is now introducing injectable polio vaccine (IPV) into the UIP as a risk-mitigation effort to prevent re-infection.

    Universal Immunization Programme is a vaccination program launched by the Government of India in 1985. It became a part of Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme in 1992 and is currently one of the key areas under National Rural Health Mission(NRHM) since 2005. The program consists of vaccination for seven diseases- tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus, poliomyelitis, measles and Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B was added to the UIP in 2007. Thus, UIP has 7 vaccine preventable diseases in the program. On 2014 it was announced that four vaccines will be added to the program, namely rotavirus, rubella and Japanese encephalitis, as well as the injectable polio vaccine.

    20) The Zoological Survey of India has discovered how many new animal species in different parts of the country in 2013? Ans:(2)
    1. 240 2. 248 3. 300 4. 312 5. 300

    Explanation: The Zoological Survey of India has discovered 248 new animal species in different parts of the country in 2013. Of them, 162 are insects, 19 are arachnids, 36 are fish, five are amphibians and two are reptiles. Of the 1.4 million animal species that had been found across the world till December 2013, India, with over 96,000 finds, was home to 7 per cent

    Among the new finds, the most interesting is a shieldtail snake, Rhinophis goweri, found in the Bodamalai hills of Tamil Nadu. Of the five species of amphibians, three are found in the north-east — two in Arunachal Pradesh, one in Meghalaya, one in the Eastern Ghats and one from Maharashtra.

    The frog found in the Western Ghats in Maharashtra, Raorchestes ghatei, is a new species of shrub frog which inhabits semi-evergreen forests and scrub patches. Of the 36 species of fish, at least 18 are found in the north-eastern States, four in West Bengal and eight in Kerala.

    Scientists at the ZSI have also spotted 54 species earlier found in other parts of the world, for the first time in India. Of these 11 are fish and 21 are insects.


    The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) is a premier Indian organisation in zoological research and studies. It was established on 1 July 1916 to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna in the region. The activities of the ZSI are coordinated by the Conservation and Survey Division in the Ministry of Environment and Forests,Government of India.

    Its headquarters are at Kolkata.

    21) According to UN report . In 2050, which country will be one of the least urbanised major countries, with Sri Lanka, Uganda, Cambodia, Nepal, Kenya and Ethiopia for company, while China will be 76% urban.? Ans:(1)
    1. India 2. Australia 3. Japan 4. Malaysia 5. Cuba

    Explanation: Expl:- In 2050, the world will have 9.55 billion people and India with 1.62 billion people will be the most populous country in the world, the numbers show, its population still growing. China, on the other hand, will have hit its peak of 1.45 billion in 2030 and have declined to 1.38 billion people by 2050.
    India will add 400 million urban residents between now and 2050, and will account for a third of all urban growth with China and Nigeria.

    However, the pace is not as fast as had been earlier imagined. The world's rural population will hit its peak in a few years and is expected to decline to 3.1 billion by 2050.

    While India has the world's largest rural population now (857 million), the number of rural residents is expected to decline by 52 million by 2050, as opposed to an upcoming decline of 300 million rural residents in China.

    India will account for a quarter of the world's rural population in 2050, as it does now.

    Delhi, the world's 12th largest city in 1990 but its second largest city now (after Tokyo), will remain the second largest in 2030 with a projected population of over 36 million people in the entire urban agglomeration. From two megacities (cities with over 10 million residents) - Mumbai and Kolkata - in 1990, India has three in 2014 -Delhi (25 million), Mumbai (21 million), Kolkata (15 million). By 2030, it will add four more -Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad.

    22) As per WHO estimations, prevalence of Tuberculosis per lakh population in India has reduced from 465 in the year 1990 to how much in year 2012? Ans:(1)
    1.230 2. 200 3. 120 4. 150 5. 126

    Explanation: Tuberculosis mortality per lakh population has reduced from 38 in the year 1990 to 22 in year 2012.

    According to the WHO report released recently......

    The estimated proportion of Multi-Drug Resistant TB cases is not increasing. It is less than 3 percent among new TB cases and between 12-17 percent among re-treatment TB cases.

    The detection of MDR-TB cases has been increasing due to availability of more diagnostic facilities for MDR TB and coverage of the entire country by management of Drug Resistant TB in the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP), between 2007 and 2013.

    With effective anti-TB Drug regimens administered under the globally acclaimed DOTS strategy, RNTCP has been consistently achieving more than 85 percent treatment success rates among New Smear Positive Patients since the year 2001. The anti-TB drug regimens used for treatment of MDR-TB under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme are formulated by National experts in accordance with WHO Guidelines. The treatment outcomes among MDR-TB patients are comparable with Global outcomes.

    The first-line drugs used for new TB cases under RNTCP are a combination of Rifampicin, Isoniazid, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide, administered as standardized treatment regimen. Injection Streptomycin is an additional drug given to re-treatment cases.


    The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. Its Present head is Margaret Chen.

    23) Recently, The UN Security Council has called for a ceasefire between which country and the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip?Ans:(1)
    1. Israel 2. Iran 3. Iraq 4. Indonesia 5. India

    Explanation: Israeli air strikes hit the territory's security HQ and police stations. A total of at least 159 Palestinians have been killed and more than 1,000 injured since Israel began its operation six days ago, Palestinian sources say. Wars between Hamas and Israel tend to finish with some sort of ceasefire. Factors influencing the timing of a deal include the amount of blood spilt, and the level of international pressure on both sides to make a deal. It looks as if that point has not yet been reached. Ceasefires involve a certain loss of face, as leaders glide away from some of the rhetoric they threw around when the guns started to fire. Neither side is ready for that yet. This conflict may have to get worse before the pressure for a ceasefire becomes unanswerable.
    All 15 members the UN Security Council approved a statement calling for calm and peace talks.
    It is the first time since Israel's offensive began that they have issued a statement, with members previously divided on their response.

    The UN has estimated that 77% of the people killed in Gaza have been civilians. The Security Council members expressed serious concern regarding the crisis related to Gaza and the protection and welfare of civilians on both sides.

    The Security Council members called for de-escalation of the situation, restoration of calm, and reinstitution of the November 2012 ceasefire. The Security Council members further called for respect for international humanitarian law, including the protection of civilians.

    24) Which among the following is India's first domestically built guided missile destroyer to feature a Western-style air search radar and stealth technology, Shipbuilder MazaDock Limited which delivered the vessel.? Ans:(1)
    1. Kolkata D63 2. Mumbai D45 3. Pune D56 4. Bangalore D68 5. None

    Explanation: The Indian Navy has got its largest-ever destroyer after the addition of the 163 metre-long vessel Kolkata (D63) to its arsenal. The warship, which is more versatile than the destroyers that preceded it, and with a displacement of around 7,500 tonnes, is scheduled to be commissioned by the end of August. Kolkata has an all-round capability against enemy submarines, surface warships, anti-ship missiles and fighter aircraft. It incorporates modern weapons and sensors having advanced information warfare suite, an auxiliary control system with sophisticated power distribution architecture and modular crew quarters, news website USNI News reported. Kolkata is the first in a new class (P15A) of guided missile destroyers.

    25) India has emerged as the world's largest consumer of antibiotics, with how much percent increase in use over the past decade? Ans:(1)
    1. 62% 2. 66% 3. 76% 4. 78% 5. 80%

    Explanation: Expl:- Global Trends in Antibiotic Consumption, 2000-2010', a study by scientists from Princeton University, has found that worldwide antibiotic use has risen by 36% over those 10 years, with five countries -Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) - responsible for more than three-quarters of that surge. Among the 16 groups of antibiotics studied, cephalosporins, broad-spectrum penicillins and fluoroquinolones accounted for more than half of that increase, with consumption rising 55% from 2000 to 2010. During this period, India's antibiotic use went up from eight billion units (2001) to 12.9 billion units (2010).