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    Weekly Bits 26-10-15
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    1) Water Resources Secretary Alok Rawat has been appointed as the first male member of the NCW. NCW was established in which year? Ans : (1)
    1. 1992
    2. 1990
    3. 1993
    4. 1991
    5. 1994

    Explanation: filling the 4th seat in the 5 member body. He is a 1977 batch Sikkim cadre IAS officer. He has previously served at the following posts: - Director/joint secretary in ministry of defence and ministry of road transport and highways; - Secretary (UPSC); - Secretary (Coordination and Public Grievances) in the cabinet secretariat Secretary in ministry of water resources, river development and Ganga rejuvenation.

    2) Recently, Global Maternal New born Health Conference 2015 was held in which city? Ans : (2)
    1. Canada
    2. Mexico
    3. Sweden
    4. Sudan
    5. Cuba

    Explanation: This meeting focused on acceleration of progress towards sustainable and effective coverage of maternal and newborn interventions at a massive scale. This is the forum for meeting the healthcare needs of mothers and newborns. This meeting was attended by policymakers, researchers and policymakers from 50 nations including India. This conference was convened by USAID in collaboration with UNFPA and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

    3) Recently, Russia and which other country inked an MoU on preventing incidents and providing for aviation flights during Syria operation? Ans : (3)
    1. UAE
    2. India
    3. USA
    4. China
    5. Japan

    Explanation: This MoU was signed between Defence Ministries of Russia and the US. Agreement was formed to prevent clashes between air forces in Syrian skies and ensure seamless operation of the two nations’ aircrafts and mutual coordination and aid in critical scenarios. Agreement is inclusive of coalition aircraft, coalition members including Turkey, Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Russia commenced with airstrikes in Syria in September 2015. MoU aims at incident prevention between American and Russian planes.

    4)The book entitled “Dreaming Big: My Journey to Connect India” was launched on 19th October 2015. This is an autobiography of Satanarayan Gangaram Pitroda authored with the aid of American writer David Chanoff. Pitroda is considered to be the father of the…………………..? (1)
    1. Telecom revolution in India
    2. Press revolution in India
    3. Political revolution in India
    4. Both 2 & 3
    5. None of the above

    Explanation: The career of this telecom guru spans from USA to Titilagarh, Odisha. Book signals his return to India and assistance to former PM Rajiv Gandhi in spearheading the telecom revolution in the nation.

    5) Union Cabinet recently approved the signing of MLAT [Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty] in criminal matters with which among the following? Ans : (3)
    1. Malaysia
    2. Poland
    3. Maldives
    4. Cuba
    5. Cambodia

    Explanation:Treaty is oriented towards boosting the role of both countries in prosecution and investigation of crime via mutual legal assistance and cooperation in anti- transnational crime and anti-terrorism investigations. Proposed treaty will be part of a broader framework for cooperation with Maldives.Mutual legal assistance treaty involves gathering information and data exchange. It is for the enforcement of public or anti-criminal laws.

    6) Recently, Department of Economic & Social affairs of the UN released a report entitled “ The World’s Women 2015: Trends & Statistics” Report indicates there are around how many million more men than women worldwide? Ans : (4)
    1. 55
    2. 59
    3. 60
    4. 62
    5. 65

    Explanation: for both genders- 72 for women and 68 for men. Men are at higher risk than women of dying of cardiovascular disease. An estimated 58 million children of primary school age- 31 million being girls- are not in school. Two thirds of the 781 million illiterate adults in the world constitute women. As against three quarters of men, half of the women participate in the labour force. Number of female Heads of State was 19 in 2015, as against 12 in 1995. Women across the globe, irrespective of age, income or education are subject to different types of violence. Research also found that majority of deaths due to inadequate water, hygiene and sanitation was among women and girls in some parts of Asia. On an average, 1 in 3 married women in developing nations have no involvement in major household purchases.

    7) Seong-Jin Cho won which edition International Frederic Chopin Piano Competition 2015? Ans : (3)
    1. 10th
    2. 15th
    3. 17th
    4. 18th
    5. 19th

    Explanation: :- Seong-Jin Cho, South Korea aged 21 has won the International Frederic Chopin Piano competition in Warsaw in 2015. The second prize winner was Charles Richard-Hamelin of Canada while the third prize was conferred on Kate Liu of the US. The competition is held once in 5 years and is a launching pad for internationally acclaimed pianists.

    8) Veteran criminologist K. Chockalingam recently was conferred the Paul. H. Appleby Award by Indian Institute of Public Administration[IIPA] . In which year IIPA was found? Ans : (4)
    1. 1970
    2. 1956
    3. 1964
    4. 1954
    5. 1984

    Explanation: He has been professor and researcher in the field of criminology in Madras University is Vice President of World Society of Victimology. He has also worked as Chair Professor of Criminal Law in NLU, Delhi from 2012-2014. He has authored more than 4 books and 75 research papers apart from winning awards such as Distinguished International Scholar Award of American Society of Criminology. He has also been founder and president of various societies for criminologists in India and abroad.

    9) Who among the following won Chinese Nobel Recently? Ans : (1)
    1. Robert Mugabe
    2. David Mugambe
    3. Scotscum Mugabe
    4. Vinnie Mujtior
    5. None

    Explanation: Robert Mugabe, who is accused of using violence and torture in Zimbabwe to capture power has become the latest recipient of China’s Confucius Prize beating competition from Microsoft founder Bill Gates and S. Korean president Park Geun-hye. News of his winning award sparked outrage and ridicule among opposition groups and human rights activists.

    10) Recently American Tower Corp has agreed to purchase 51 percent controlling stake in Indian mobile mast company Viom Networks for INR 7600 or USD 1.17 billion for expansion. Which is the world’s second largest telecommunications market by number of users? Ans : (2)
    1. USA
    2. India
    3. China
    4. Japan
    5. UAE

    Explanation: ATC will combine 14,000 communication towers with Viom’s 42,200 creating the second largest Indian mobile mast operator as per number of towers. India’s mobile phone carriers are concentrating on spreading 3G and 4G broadband networks where two thirds of the population is under 35 and income levels are expanding fast. Currently, Indus Towers a JV of three top mobile phone carrier companies in India is India’s biggest telecom tower company with close to 100,000 towers. While Credit Suisse advised Viom networks for the deal, Kotak Investment Banking and Evercore advised ATC.

    11) The AP Investment Task Force will be established in which country for the acceleration of industrial development in the state. ? Ans : (4)
    1. China
    2. Australia
    3. Canada
    4. Japan
    5. UK

    Explanation: Japan State METI minister Y. Takagi and Andhra Pradesh CM N. Chandrababu Naidu signed the Memorandum of Cooperation. As per the MoC, there will be further investments by Japanese companies in the state. Some of the agencies which have partnered with METI include JBIC, JETRO, JICA and NEDO.

    12) Which country will become the world’s fifth largest nuclear weapons state as per a report by a leading US based think tank which projected the country’s stockpile to rise by 250 warheads within a span of 10 years? Ans : (5)
    1. USA
    2. China
    3. Japan
    4. India
    5. Pakistan

    Explanation: Pakistan will become the world’s fifth largest nuclear weapons state as per a report by a leading US based think tank which projected the country’s stockpile to rise by 250 warheads within a span of 10 years. Pakistan has estimated nuclear stockpile of close to 130 warheads up from 110 warheads in 2011, according to the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Stock pile could rise by 250 in 2025, making it the fifth largest nuclear weapon state. Six type of currently operational nuclear ballistic missiles are also there with two more under development. Pakistan also has 2 cruise missions on the anvil.

    13) Recently, which species found in hidden caves in forested region between Russia and Georgia, which are dependant on bats to survive? Ans : (2)
    1. Rare Fishes
    2. Rare Frogst
    3. Rare Turtles
    4. Rare Eagles
    5. Rare Snakes

    Explanation: Caucasian parsley frogs display considerable preference for caves with bat colonies as insects breeding in bat waste provide good source of food. This study shows how important bats are for the ecology. It also demonstrates the importance of protecting bat colonies.

    14) Recently, researchers found a specific membrane protein which expands the comprehension of neuro-plasticity. What is the name of it? Ans : (1)
    1. Caveolin-1
    2. Bavelion-1
    3. Revelion-1
    4. Gevelion-1
    5. Crevilion-1

    Explanation: Researchers have found that increasing cholesterol binding membrane protein in nerve cells within the brain can lead to improvements in learning and memory. This is a novel method for treatment of diseases involving nervous system degeneration and highlights the importance of brain cholesterol.

    15)According to UNESCAP, which country is the leading trade facilitation performer in the South Asian sub region. ? Ans : (4)
    1. Bali
    2. Laos
    3. Indonesia
    4. India
    5. Malaysia

    Explanation: Singapore and Korea lead East Asia in effective movement of goods, as per a UNESCAP repot entitled Global Report of the Trade Facilitation and Paperless Trade Implementation Survey. This report was launched by UNESCAP with 4 UN regional commissions on 22nd October 2015. This is the first global report regarding implementation of measures for simplifying import, export and transit procedures. Russia and Turkey lead in Europe and Central Asia, as per the report. Next generation trade facilitation measures also have the potential to lower costs and increase trade.

    16) As announced by US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which month was the hottest month ever recorded since records were being kept in January 1880? Ans : (1)
    1. September
    2. August
    3. July
    4. June
    5. May

    Explanation:Of 5 consecutive months commencing from May within this year, the year has broken all previous records for higher temperatures, according to the NOAA monthly State of Climate Global Analysis. High temperature indicates uncontrolled effect of rising GHG in the atmosphere. The report also found that oceans were warmer than the average across rapid expanses and the year had witnessed the one of the strongest El Nino recorded.

    17) India faced ____ percent deficit in Monsoon Rains? Ans : (2)
    1. 13%
    2. 14%
    3. 20%
    4. 12%
    5. 11%

    Explanation: High temperature indicates uncontrolled effect of rising GHG in the atmosphere. The report also found that oceans were warmer than the average across rapid expanses and the year had witnessed the one of the strongest El Nino recorded.

    18) Ace Indian badminton player Saina Nehwal lost her World Number 1 spot to World Champion Carolina Marin in an update of BWF rankings on………………? Ans : (1)
    1. 22nd october 2015
    2. 21st october 2015
    3. 20th october 2015
    4. 19th october 2015
    5. 18th october 2015

    Explanation: Her performance in the previous two tournaments- Japan Open and Denmark Open has led to a fall to position no.2 in women’s singles. P. V. Sindhu retained the rank 13 despite reaching the Denmark Open final. In men’s singles, players like K. Srikanth, P. Kashyap and H. S. Prannoy dropped in rankings.

    19) Recently, Scientists have found that the colour of Vincent van Gogh’s Sunflowers is changing across time due to mixture of pigments used in the painting. Three versions of the painting are currently on dupls. in London, Amsterdam and which other museum? Ans : (2)
    1. Beijing
    2. Tokyo
    3. New Delhi
    4. Colombo
    5. Kathmandu

    Explanation: The study also identified areas of the painting that should be monitored particularly closely for any changes. van Gogh (1853-1890) is known for his use of chrome/bright yellows, a class of compounds including lead, chromium and oxygen. Lighter shades had sulphur mixed in them.

    20) Which among the following has signed a landmark nuclear deal with China on 21st October 2015 to open the nation’s first nuclear power plant since the 80s?span style="color:#ed1b24"> Ans : (1)
    1. Britain
    2. Canada
    3. USA
    4. UAE
    5. Japan

    Explanation: The agreement is between EDF and CGN to build the power plant at Hinkley Point in Somerset. During President Xi’s 4 day visit to the UK, more than 30 billion pounds worth of deals are expected to be signed.

    21) Indian golfer Anirban Lahiri won the inaugural Hilton Asian Tour Golfer of the Month Award based on his performance in the months from June to September. What is the rank of him in the world rankings? Ans : (2)
    1. 30th
    2. 39th
    3. 40th
    4. 37th
    5. 38th

    Explanation: :- Lahiri (b 1987) turned professional in 2007. He has also won the Arjuna Award for Golf, besides being the first Indian to be part of the President Cups International team. He is ranked 39th in the world and is currently leading the Asian Tour Order of Merit.

    22) Ministry of Defence on 21st October 2015 divided a single area into which two Naval Areas and created two separate HQs to be headed by Flag Officer? Ans : (3)
    1. Madhya pradesh & Odisha
    2. Bihar & Gujarath
    3. Maharashtra & Gujarath
    4. Telengana & Tamil nadu
    5. Kolkata & Odisha

    Explanation: The charge of the Flag Officer for Maharashtra Area was taken by Rear Admiral Satish Namdeo Ghormade and Rear Admiral Muralidhar Sadashiv Pawar will now serve as Flag Officer of the Gujarat Naval Area.

    23) Citizens can now register governance related grievances via mobile phones as the mobile application for the CPGRAMS/Centralised Public Grievances Redress and Monitoring System was launched on which day? Ans : (2)
    1. 20th October 2015
    2. 21st October 2015
    3. 22nd October 2015
    4. 23rd October 2015
    5. 24th October 2015

    Explanation: This is a central government portal which addresses grievance redressal will receive complaints which will be addressed by state, department or ministry. A QR-Quick Response code has been provided on the portal which can be scanned onto the smartphone after grievance is sent directly from phone to CPGRAMS. This is a step towards the ART of Governance spelt out as PM Modi’s Vision for Accountability, Responsibility and Transparency. The focus is on making administration responsive, transparent and responsive. The mobile app will also track grievance status. CPGRAMS was launched in 2007 by the ministry. More than 16 lakh grievances have been lodged since January 2012 and in the past 1 year, 9 lakh grievances have been launched and 6.47 lakh cases have been disposed of.

    24) e-Commerce major Flipkart has announced the appointment of whom among the following as the Chief Marketing Officer recently? Ans : (1)
    1. S. Subandh
    2. V. Sumanth
    3. S. Suman
    4. V. Sugandh
    5. None

    Explanation: Subandh will be handling the Flipkart brand through deeper insight into customer behaviour. He has over 17 years experience in the consumer goods industry and has spent 15 years with Hindustan Unilever. He has also worked with Marico.

    25) Bank of Baroda has joined the Chillr payment platform enabling peer to peer payment through mobile application. This is the second bank to join the payment platform . which one is the first bank? Ans : (2)
    1. Axis bank
    2. HDFC
    3. Indian bank
    4. ING Vysya
    5. Citi Bank

    Explanation: Banks integrated with this application can utilise application for remitting funds. Customers of any bank can get funds using this payment platform. Chillr app was developed by Kerala based start up named Mobme Wireless. This was formed into a separate firm by Sony Joy, founder and CEO Chillr.